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Adriatic
Adriatic
Weather, 27 April
Split Weather
+18

High: +18° Low: +14°

Humidity: 73%

Wind: SSW - 12 KPH

Dubrovnik Weather
+16

High: +16° Low: +14°

Humidity: 82%

Wind: S - 11 KPH

Zagreb Weather
+5

High: +5° Low: 0°

Humidity: 97%

Wind: N - 12 KPH

Basic info

The origin of the name Adriatic is linked to the Etruscan settlement Adria, which probably comes from the Illyrian word adur, meaning water or sea. The Adriatic Sea separates two peninsulas – the Italian Peninsula and the Balkan Peninsula. With its average depth of 173 meters, the Adriatic Sea falls into the category of shallow seas. The depth gradually decreases towards the northern Adriatic. The salinity of the Adriatic Sea averages at 38.3 ppt. The southern part of the Adriatic Sea has higher salinity than the northern part. The sea temperature is between 24°C and 26 °C during the summer and between 5°C and 15 °C during the winter. The sea colour ranges from intensive blue to blue-green. The transparency is at its highest at the SE part. Croatian coast consists of more than 700 island. Krk and Cres are the largest islands in the Adriatic Sea. The Island of Pag has the most highly indented coastline in the Adriatic Sea, but the most interesting thing about this particular island is its surface, which is frequently compared to the surface of the Moon due to its weak vegetation. The highest peak of the Adriatic islands is Vidova Gora on the Island of Brač, with the altitude of 780 meters. The Adriatic Sea consists of three geographical parts: Northern, Central and Southern Adriatic. Each of those parts are fill with national parks, nature parks and historical and nature monuments.
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Natural beauty

Each part of Adriatic is filled with lots of natural beauty.
 
The Northern Adriatic:
- National Park Brijuni
- special nature reserve in the sea: Bay of Lim
- geological nature monument: quarry Fantazija - Cave di Monfiorenzo – Rovinj
- important landscape: Rovinj islands and coastline, Lim Channel and Lower Kamenjak
- forest park: Golden Cape – Punta Corrente – Rovinj
 

The Central Adriatic:
- National Park Kornati, National Park Krka and National Park Mljet
- natural parks: Telaščica and Lastovo
- protected geological nature monuments: Islands of Brusnik and Jabuka
- protected geomorphologic nature monuments: Green Cave at Island of Ravnik (Vis), Medvidina Cave – Island of Bišovo, Rača Cave – Island of Lastovo.
 

The Southern Adriatic:
- Islands of Elaphiti - Dubrovnik archipelago
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Animal Life

The Adriatic Sea has great biodiversity. According to rough estimates, between 6,000 and 7,000 plant and animal species have been identified in the Adriatic Sea.

Endemic species are: algae species Cystoseiraspicata, Fucus virsoides, goby fish species Chromogobiuszebratuszebratus, Corcyrogobiusliechtensteini, Pomatoschistuscanestrini and Speleogobiustrigloides, Greater pipefish and sturgeon. Mediterranean endemic species are most wide-spread in the southern Adriatic Sea, while the Adriatic endemic species prevail towards the north.


Most common fish: zubatac (dentex), lubin (European seabass), komarča (Gilthead seabream), šarag (White seabream), pic (Sharpsnout seabream), fratar (two-banded seabream), cipal (Golden grey mullet), kovač (John Dory), list (Adriatic sole), Škrpina (scorpion fish), Tuna (Bluefin Tuna).


Most common shell fish: dagnja (Mussel), prstac (Date-shell), brbavica (Warty venus), jakobova kapica (Mediterranean scallop), kamenica (Oyster), mušula (Noah's ark).


Protected species: Pursuant to the Croatian Nature Protection Act, some species of sponges, sea snails and shellfish are strictly protected species: pen shell, noble pen shell, date shell fish, sea horse, Adriatic sturgeon, sunfish, sea turtles, all marine mammals. Crustaceans (crab, clawed lobster, spiny lobster and slipper lobster) are protected and they can be fished only by professional fishermen.

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Historical monuments

UNESCO World Heritage Sites:

  • Euphrasian Basilica in Poreč - early Christian Complex
  • Cathedral of Saint James in Šibenik
  • Historic centre of Trogir
  • Palace of Diocletian and Medieval in Split
  • Stari Grad Plain on island of Hvar
  • City of Dubrovnik

Beside UNESCO World Heritage, Adriatic and the rest of Croatia has many other historical places worth visiting:

  • Arena of Pula - amphitheatar build in 1st century AD during the reign of Emperor Vespasian, at the same time as the magnificent Colosseum in Rome.
  • Church of St. Donat - from 9th century
  • Church of St. Mark - form 13th century

text by V. Lorencin
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